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【雅思考官】雅思写作备考建议 学会视角写作很关键

2015年12月02日16:49 来源:小站教育作者:victor
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摘要:在雅思大作文的写作中,考生遇到的最多的一个问题就是无话可说,或者只言片语撑不起250+的大作。除了本身的阅历有限外,很大的原因是在思考和讨论一个问题时,不擅于从不同的perspective入手。一起来看看simon前考官的高论吧。

编者按:在雅思大作文的写作中,考生遇到的最多的一个问题就是无话可说,或者只言片语撑不起250+的大作。除了本身的阅历有限外,很大的原因是在思考和讨论一个问题时,不擅于从不同的perspective入手。一起来看看simon前考官的高论吧。英文内容搬自simon的雅思博客。

【雅思考官】雅思写作备考建议 学会视角写作很关键图1

IELTS Writing Task 2: different perspectives

雅思大作文的视角写作

A good way to organise your ideas is by thinking about the topic from different perspectives or points of view.

【他的观点】从不同的视角和观点来思考或探讨话题是组织你的观点的一种很好的方式。

I used the 'perspectives' technique to write a paragraph about the positives of more people living alone

Here's my paragraph with the perspectives highlighted:

【主体段视角写作示例1】

The rise in one-person households can be seen as positive for both personal and broader economic reasons. On an individual level, people who choose to live alone may become more independent and self-reliant than those who live with family members. A young adult who lives alone, for example, will need to learn to cook, clean, pay bills and manage his or her budget, all of which are valuable life skills. From an economic perspective, the trend towards living alone will result in greater demand for housing. This is likely to benefit the construction industry, estate agents and a whole host of other companies that rely on homeowners to buy their products or services.

【小编点评】在探讨独居生活方式的有利面时,分别从个人层面(on an individual level)和社会经济层面(from an economic perspective)j进行讲述,从小到大,从浅入深(并均配上了例子来佐证),层次感十足。当然不要忘记了开篇时的观点句统领全段(positive for both personal and broader economic reasons),作者的用词简洁,但是毫无repetition之感。

Try writing about the negatives of the same trend, from two or three different perspectives.

【他的观点】尝试从正反量方面,通过不同的视角来讨论一个话题。

IELTS Writing Task 2: tourism

Do the benefits of tourism outweigh the drawbacks?

Here are some ideas. I've organised the vocabulary according to different perspectives (different ways of looking at this issue).

【视角写作示例2】

Positives of tourism:

1. Personal perspective: Tourism is a popular leisure activity. Tourists can relax, have fun, 'recharge their batteries', experience different customs and cultures (sight-seeing, sunbathing, visiting monuments, tasting new cuisine). Travel opens our minds. It can broaden our horizons.

2. Economic perspective: The tourism industry is vital for some countries. People rely on tourism for their income. Tourism attracts investment from governments and companies. It creates employment due to demand for goods and services (hotels, entertainment etc.). It helps to improve the standard of living.

【雅思考官】雅思写作备考建议 学会视角写作很关键图2

Negatives of tourism:

1. Environmental perspective: Tourism can have a negative impact on the environment. Excessive building (roads, hotels etc.) destroys natural habitats and spoils the landscape. Tourism creates pollution and waste. It puts pressure on local resources such as food, water and energy.

2. Economic perspective: Tourism may cause a rise in the cost of living. Prices of goods and services go up. Tourists buy second homes. All of this affects local people.

3. Cultural perspective: Local traditions may be lost. Traditional jobs and skills die out (e.g. farming, fishing). Local people are forced to work in the tourist industry.

Thinking about topics from different perspectives can help you to generate better ideas. This technique isn't perfect for every topic, but it can be really useful.

【小编点评】其实,只要是这个话题成为了一个雅思作文题目,必然你是可以正着说有理,反着说有理,关键是你要学会在横向和纵向上去讨论一个问题。一般纵向上是指从小到大,即个人,集体,再是地区,然后到社会/国家/人类,这种不同层面上的视角。而一般横向则是示例中的那种不同领域的,如经济上的,环境上的,文化上的,政治上的,这些不同领域的视角。

以上就是小站雅思频道为大家带来的雅思前考官的对于雅思写作的”视角“重要性的实例解读,祝雅思写作早日学有所成,祝早日与雅思分手。

特别申明:本文来自于小站教育【备考计划】专栏,转载请以超链接形式标注本文出处,并附上此申明,否则将追究法律责任。

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