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按雅思口语题目类型备考雅思口语

2018年08月30日12:11 来源:小站整理
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摘要:考生们都知道雅思口语题库很大,话题很大,如何才能高效的备考雅思口语呢?小站雅思君觉得,在雅思口语备考初期,按照雅思口语题目类型备考,相同的话题一起练习,效果会更好哦。

雅思口语题目类型大致可以分为人物类、地点类、事件类及物品类话题。不同话题的备考思路和重点不同,按照雅思口语题目类型备考更适合在雅思备考初期的考生,同类别的雅思口语话题备考思路相同,考生们可以熟练掌握。

按雅思口语题目类型备考雅思口语图1

雅思口语题目类型:地点类

地点类雅思高频口语话题:Part 2话题除了题目例如describe a tall building in your hometown / describe a cafe which you have been to之外,每个题目下面都会有四个小问去帮大家围绕这个话题拓展思路。那么从对这几个小问的总结中不难发现,地点类话题通常都可以通过下面这些方面去展开。

前两个小问比较高频的问题例如where/ when/ who/ how often此类的背景信息。 第三个小问高频问题是这个地方可以做的activity或者decoration。最后一个问题通常让考生去描述对这个地方的feelings或者解释为什么会有这样的feelings。

有序展开背景

在总结完高频的问题之后,我们可以通过头脑风暴brainstorm 的方式,把这些小问再细化。

例如问到where is this place,除了说这个地方的location还可以延伸一下transport,surrounding, history, popularity。这里提及到的各个方面信息,是地点类话题的一个共性,我们可以融会贯通在不同的地点类话题中,

例如:涉及location 跟transport, 用本季度的Describe a cafe you have been to为例。The cafe is in an easily accessible location in my city . It’s only ten-minute walk from my apartment , so i like to go there in my spare time. 那么把主语cafe 换成本季度的 quiet place / important sport stadium / a tall building / a garden都可以随时灵活上线。

除此之外,还可以补充的细节包括: history , 大家不用想的那么困难,如果是大的地方像城市,国家,可以提及,it has profound history about ... years. 如果是小的地点像 building , sport stadium, cafe 这些就可以说什么时候建成或者开张。Like,it was built originally for ... back into ...2015. 此外还可以说一下这个地点的popularity。在第一第二个涉及到背景信息的问题when/ who/ how often,可以再延伸when you would like to go/ how often do you go there/ who you would like to go there with / why you would like to go with this person/ 那这样一补充,地点类话题的背景描述一般正常语速的同学大概能说个二三十秒了。(有的同学特别老实,就仅仅只按照问题上面的内容,问一个答一个,会很局限。以上的拓展在地点类话题都是融汇贯通,可以信手拈来的用上。)

丰富描述主体

那么到第三第四个小问的展开,这两个小问在总结的时候以及谈到,多数涉及此地点的activity , decoration跟feelings的描述。在地点类话题中,这些小问都可以通过"五觉法"去丰富的展开。"五觉"顾名思义从五种感官去描述,包括eyes, ears, nose,mouth, mind。对于decoration的展开可以从到eyes去描述,这个地方能看到怎样的形态以及布置。例如:游泳胜地: 看到crystal blue sea ; pure sky , 高楼看到the building looks like a slim waist from distance. 体育馆:The stadium is shaped like a dome and it’s wrapped by a bunch of glass-walls. 咖啡馆:when you walk in the cafe, you will see there are many artistic pictures hanging on the wall which are so eye-catching.

梳理清晰框架

很多同学会有一个错觉,就是我只要keep talking就觉得万事大吉了,但其实不然,如果说的没有什么条理性,各种堆砌,也并不能从考官那拿到理想的分数。这个时候回答的框架就尤为重要。尤其是地点类话题当你想要去描述他的appearance / feature/decoration .以及活动activity,我们记住一个框架,就是,

总起 + 分述 + 亮点

总起就是用一句概括这个地方的总体特征,例如描述有趣的房子

what it is looks like : the house is really amazing / the design of this house is pretty eye-catching . The courtyard of his house is like a wonderland.

分述: 就是罗列一下具体都有些什么特征:

a princess-like swing / a mini size slider , a small pond with some fishes

亮点: It’s really amazing that / you know what surprises me most is that ... She plants some flowers in the yard according to the seasons. So whenever you step in the yard, with a gentle breeze you can smell the fresh fragrance from the flowers , how nice is it!

按雅思口语题目类型备考雅思口语图2

雅思口语题目类型:物品类

雅思关于物品类话题有一个明显的特征就是题目繁多,其中分为两大类:实体类话题和媒体类话题,其中实体类话题包括:

A statue or work of art

An antique or old thing in your family

A piece of clothes you wore in formal / special occasions

A product that is made in China (a car, handicraft or food)

媒体类话题包括了:

TV program / film that made you laugh

An advertisement which makes you want to buy something

A useful website you like to visit

Describe a movie / film you dislike

物品类话题的弊端就是同类话题很难总结一起,不太具有归类的特点。这点不像人物类,或者地点类。我们同学大致准备几个话题就能套用。所以一般大家认为物品类话题通常需要各个击破。但是,事实也许并非如此!也许我们可以把不可能变成可能,通过话题剧情编排合并,以及成功的逻辑手法,可以把物品类话题互相合并、抵消;不仅如此,还要把它同雅思口语第一部分话题、人物类话题、地点类话题以及事件类话题全部合并到一起。真正做到雅思口语大串联,原来雅思口语可以这么玩!

基本描绘逻辑:

我们将引入两种最常用的议论手法:归纳法和演绎法来分析物品类话题。1.归纳法:指的是从许多个别事例中获得一个较具概括性的规则。这种方法主要是从收集到的既有资料,加以抽丝剥茧地分析,最后得以做出一个概括性的结论。2.演绎法:是从既有的普遍性结论或一般性事理,推导出个别性结论的一种方法。由较大范围,逐步缩小到所需的特定范围。另外我们今天需要把话题分为两类:横向合并和纵向合并。横向合并指:将各类物品类话题中剧情描绘的共同特征,互相串用。纵向合并指代:将雅思口语第一部分中的同类话题、人物类话题、地点类话题和事件类话题,按照它们的剧情共性,并入物品类相应话题中。好了,让我们一起来见证奇迹!

归纳法话题举例

我们先找一道物品类话题中的题目,比如“An advertisement which makes you want to buy something”。广告题一直以来都是重点考题,已经连续不间断考了多年,可是大家准备过程中仍然觉得很头疼,准备什么呢!怎么准备呢!怎么拿高分!首先我们需要先explain题目中keyword:advertisement。

“A notice, such as a poster, newspaper display, or paid announcement in the electronic media, designed to attract public attention or patronage.”(美国现代词典)

从概念得知,广告不只是商人们在电视上推销自己产品的媒体宣传- 消费者广告 .现代广告种类繁多,广告分类的方法也很多。以广告主是否为营利组织为广告分类标准,广告一般可分为商业广告(Commercial Advertising)和非商业广告( uncommercial Advertising)。其中,非商业广告通常是宗教组织、慈善组织、政府部门、社会团体等非营利性组织的广告。所以很少同学想到说后者。

另外,以广告发布的媒介为广告分类标准,广告可以分为电视广告(Television Advertising )、报纸广告(Newspaper Advertising)、杂志广告(Magazine Advertising )、户外广告(Outside Advertising )、电影广告(Cinema Advertising )、网络广告 (Internet Advertising )等等。其中诸如网络广告-banner(包括:网幅广告, 旗帜广告, 横幅广告)是非常新颖的,在准备中,除描写广告内容本身,更可以重点分析这种广告,对社会,对特定受众带来什么影响等。

好了,刚才的我们brainstorm了广告这个keyword后,现在我们可以进行串联了。我挑了物品类话题中的另一题来串联:“A piece of clothes you wore in formal / special occasions”。从上表中我们看出,我们把衣服类话题和广告类话题按照两种共同的特性,可以分为客观因素(objective factors)和主观因素(subjective factors)。再一次进行brainstorming, 可以发现,购买衣服的原因同样适合放在一则有影响力的广告描绘中。我为大家列出了客观因素共性一行,以下是类似英语表达:

The designer mix both traditions and modern trends to suit women's expectations.

T-shirts are typically made of cotton or polyester fibers, knitted together in a jersey stitch that gives a T-shirt its distinctive soft texture.

They are now a very popular form of casual dress around the world.

The short black dress accentuated her slimness.

好了,我们再同理讨论主观因素,主观因素描写既可以写成理由排列,也可以写成剧情,从表格中所见,我罗列了各种理由,下面我们开始铺剧情:

My mother bought it for me as a birthday gift. I was very busy with my studies last winter and I forgot that my birthday was coming....(clothes)

In the advertisement, Miss Zhang bought this chic dress to her mother as a birthday present. Her mother was too busy to remember her own birthday....(advertisement plot)

我们发现,剧情稍作改编,两个话题就可以通用了。好了,同学们一起仿照我表格里的方法,把其他实物类话题如:Photograph,Gift,Something expensive you bought和advertisement归纳到一起吧!

如果advertisement话题可以同实体类物品话题组合,那它是不是也可以和其他同类媒体话题组合呢?这一次,我挑选了“A movie you would like towatch (about a real person or event)”。本文一开始对广告的explain中,我已经解释了有一种广告叫做:电影宣传片或电影宣传广告。确定了这个概念后,我们一起在如下这张表中brainstorm吧:

归纳法

电影类话题

电影宣传广告话题

客观因素共性

情节、演员、特效/画面、风格、音乐

情节、演员、特效/画面、风格、音乐

主观因素共性

触动心灵,励志(当幸福来敲门)

观后印象:触动心灵,励志(当幸福来敲门)

其他媒体类:

电视连续剧话题

公益类广告、亲情类广告、励志类广告

网站话题

网幅广告, 旗帜广告, 横幅广告

All right, 从表格看到,根据客观和主观因素的分类,我们又一次找出了它们的共性。接着,我们选一部电影:Will Smith和他儿子主演的“当幸福来敲门”,先用英语写出电影的开场描绘(客观描绘部分):

As far as this topic is concerned, I guess, I would like to describe“Pursuit of happiness”; I watched it a few years ago with a couple of friends in the cinema. As it is acted by the famous academy award winner actor and singer in Hollywood“Will Smith”....

好了,从下面我们开始改编电影宣传广告开场描绘(客观描绘部分):

In terms of this topic, I suppose, I would like to describe the Cinema Advertising of the movie “Pursuit of happiness”; I watched it a few years ago at home. As it is acted by the famous academy award winner actor and singer in Hollywood “Will Smith”....

是不是一石二鸟!接着,我们看看两个题目主观因素的描述部分(对我的影响力):

I still remember a classic line (经典句型),Chris Gardner told his son;“People can’t do something by themselves; they wanna (want to 的连音) tell you that you can’t do it, don’t ever let somebody tell you that you can’t do something, not even me.” I guess this was the sentence that gave me courage. And , now here I am, taking the IELTS test, planning to go abroad and receive higher education.(电影对我的影响力)

立刻改编成广告类话题:

A classic line (经典句型) at the end of the advertisement bumps into my ears,Chris Gardner told his son;“People can’t do something by themselves; they wanna (want to 的连音) tell you that you can’t do it, don’tever let somebody tell you that you can’t do something, not even me.”I remembered that this was a sentence that aroused my interests to watch the movie later on. And , its parks me to study harder! now here I am, taking the IELTS test, planning to go abroad and receive higher education.(看了宣传广告后对我的影响)

此外,想拿高分的同学还可以补充更多内容,从电影宣传广告的好处brainstorm, 比如:

It is an efficient way for movie buffs to quickly scan all the movies and sort out those they want to watch.(从电影迷入手)

It is very convenient to publicize on all sorts of media no matter through the Internet,the poster or on TV (从电影商入手)

按雅思口语题目类型备考雅思口语图3

雅思口语题目类型:人物类

人物类话题很常见,一般人物类话题有这些问法:

常见问题一:你要描述的人是谁?

Who this friend is?/Who he or she is?/Who this person is?/Who the character was?/Who these two people are?

这个问题是几乎所有人物类话题的第一问,属于必答题。回答这一问题的时候,我们不但需要告诉考官这个人是谁(这是最基本的),而且要对所描述的他/她进行一些修饰,要让考官在没有见过这个人的情况下能够闭上眼仿佛看到这个人就正站在身旁一样。

评书中所说的“此人眉分八彩,目若朗星,准头端正,齿白唇红”起的就是这一作用。比如我们来一起看看下面这段对人的描述:

He is well over six feet tall,has this long straggly brown hair. He has a perpetual look of bemusement on his face,full-sleeve tattoos on both arms,and always wears some variation of a sleeveless leather vest,holey blue jeans tucked into his beat-up cowboy boots,and a cigarette between his lips at all times.

他身高六尺有余,头上散着棕色的头发。他的眼神既忧郁又总带有困惑。双臂从上到下布满了纹身。他总是身着各种无袖皮坎肩,把满是破洞的蓝色牛仔裤裤腿扎进那几双破旧的牛仔靴里,而且嘴里无时无刻的不叼着根烟。

如果我们作答的时候可以说出以上的描述,考官想不给你高分都不可能。因为在他们脑海中可以清晰的浮现出这个人的形象,他好像正在向考官们走来,嘴里吐着烟圈,马上要说“How are you doing, man?”了。所以,如果我们想让自己的作答能够使考官眼前一亮、记忆深刻,我们就要抓住细节来充分描述,比如说这个人身上比较有特点的地方:发型、体态、眼神、穿着等等。这些细节的描述远比那种范范的诸如“He‘s quite tall and strong with long hair on his head.”要生动的多,所得的分数自然也就相距甚远了。

常见问题二:你是怎么遇到这个人的?

How you first met this person?/How you know this person?/How you know him/her?/How you know about this person?

如果各位烤鸭对人物类的机经很熟悉的话,就不难发现这是另外一道在该类话题中出现的高频题。回答该题时,要让考官有一种是 “当事人”感觉。所以我们要把当时第一次见到所描述对象的场景详细的讲述给考官,细节的描述不但可以增加故事的真实性,而且还能让考官感觉到我们对所描述对象的重视。比如:

I first met him on the basketball court in a hot and sunny afternoon when I was sitting somewhere around the stand. He came up with me to check whether I would like to join his team. He then left me a deep impression by his firm look and tough temperament.

我第一遇到他是一个大晴天的下午,当时我正坐在篮球架子旁。他过来问我想不想加入他们队来一起玩。他有着坚定的面容和坚强气质,这都给我留下了深刻的印象。

听完以上的描述,考官会变成注视着这一切发生的人,他没有忽略任何细节。但如果我们把作答变成:I met him in my school and he gave me a very deep impression.那么考官会听了以后感觉会很模糊,或者感觉千篇一律,那么想得好成绩也就不可能了。

常见问题三:你对这个人的感觉是什么?

How you feel about him/her?

对机经比较熟悉的烤鸭会知道这种问题出现在人物类话题卡的最后一问,也就是说,它是我们作答的重点和所占得分比很大的一道问题,所以毫无疑问我们要在这一题的回答中尽可能的多说一些话。对这个人的感觉,我们可以从一个人的兴趣爱好、特长、才能、品行以及一切特征来进行细节的描述。比如:

Writing creativity is his best quality. He doesn’t try to exert his will in the music creative arena-he leaves that to me-he just does what he does best: thinking and writing lyrics; that is his forte. Because of this advantage, he becomes the source to represent us and all the words he makes can act as inspiration to every listener.

And another interesting thing is that he is born a painter,and like painters historically do,he usually skips the class but to find himself somewhere around the shopping malls,sitting there for the whole afternoon to have a satisfying picture.

考官在听完这种描述后,即使不认识描述对象,也会对他艺术方面的才华称赞不已。相比之下,“I think he is a man who likes writing and he can write a lot of words. Moreover, he likes painting and he usually goes to shopping malls to paint.”这种描述会让考官觉得所描述对象的才华一般,没有什么突出的,这只让考官知道了所描述对象的两个爱好而已。

以上就是按雅思口语题目类型备考雅思口语的全部内容,更多雅思口语题目及考试经验分享,请继续关注小站雅思频道。

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