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不再害怕!雅思口语社况类话题3招速成!

2020年07月31日10:39 来源:小站教育作者:Tifa老师
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摘要:附口语答案示范

雅思口语考试中对于社况类话题的讨论,始终是令广大烤鸭们头秃的难题。其实社况类问题不存在一个标准型答案,而是通过对社会现象的探究而逐渐摸索其规律性。今天我们通过了解国民幸福指数,来学习一下可用于社况类话题的表达哦。

 

 

幸福如何衡量可能无法给出一个准确答案,但是追求幸福是每个人的权利,正如美国1776年颁布的《独立宣言》(The Declaration of Independence)中最著名的一句话:

 

”We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are createdequal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

 

我们认为下述真理是不言而喻的:人人生而平等,造物主赋予他们若干不可剥夺的权利,其中包括生存权、自由权和追求幸福的权利。

 

self-evident

adj. 不证自明的;不言而喻的

①我们既可以用在句末,表明某种行为、事件是明摆着的,如:

The influence of climate on crops are  self-evident. 气候对农作物的影响是不证自明的。

②也可以放在句首,用于强调句型,如:

It is self-evident that we will never  have enough resources to meet the demand.

不言而喻,我们将永远不会有足够的资源来满足需求。

 

endow   

v. 赋予;捐赠;天生具有(常与with连用)

①Nature has endowed her with great  musical ability.

上天赋予她极大的音乐才能。

②She is endowed with great musical  ability.

她具有很高的音乐天赋。

 

不再害怕!雅思口语社况类话题3招速成!图1

Do a country's inhabitants get happier asit gets richer?

一个国家变得更加富有了,他的国民就会越幸福吗?

 

 

 

Most governments seem to believe so, giventheir relentless focus on increasing GDP year by year.

大多数政府似乎都是这么认为的,因为他们一直致力于逐年提高GDP。

 

relentless

adj. 不减弱的,持续的,残酷的,不留情的,

The traffic noise is relentless.

交通车辆的噪音一刻也不停止。

 

 

 

Reliable, long-term evidence linking wealthand happiness is, however, lacking.And measuring well-being isitself fraught with problems,since it often relies on surveys that askparticipants to assess their own levels of happiness subjectively.

 

但却缺乏将财富和幸福联系起来的可靠且长期的证据。衡量福祉本身就充满了问题,因为这种衡量依赖于调查,这些调查要求参与者主观评估自己的幸福水平。

 

well-being

n. 康乐,安康;福利,幸福

Work also provides psychological  well-being.

工作还能使人身心健康。

assess

vt. 评定;估价;对…征税

We tried to assess his suitability for  the job.

我们想评估一下他是否适合这项工作。

subjectively

adv. 主观地

Loneliness is defined purely  subjectively.

孤独是完全从主观上定义的。

不再害怕!雅思口语社况类话题3招速成!图2

 

Daniel Sgroi of the University of Warwickand Eugenio Proto of the University of Glasgow, both in Britain, think, nevertheless, thatthey have an answer.

但英国华威大学的丹尼尔·斯格罗以及格拉斯哥大学的尤金尼奥·普罗托认为他们找到了答案。

 

 

 

 

By examining millions of books andnewspaper articles published since 1820 in four countries (America, Britain,Germany and Italy),they have developed what they hope is an objective measureof each place's historical happiness.

他们研究了四个国家(美国、英国、德国和意大利)自1820年以来出版的书籍和报纸文章,他们开发出了一种客观的方法来衡量每个地方的历史幸福感。

 

examine

vt. 仔细检查,考试, 对…进行考核,审查, 审问

She examines the interplay between  changing gender divisions and urban change.

她研究性别差异的变化和城市变化之间的相互影响。

 

And their answer is that wealth does bring happiness,but some other things bring more of it.

他们的答案是,财富确实能带来幸福,但其他一些东西能带来更多的幸福。

 

 

不再害怕!雅思口语社况类话题3招速成!图3

以上表达在近期社况类话题中也可使用哦!例如:

 

Do you think that old people should be taken care of at home?

 

Do parents help children because they need their children to help them when they are old?

 

Do you think parents should limit the time that their children spend on the phone?

 

参考范例:

Do you think that old people should be  taken care of at home?

 

Personally,I think it’s self-evident  that the old should be taken care of in places with people who have  sufficient knowledge on medical care for them, because the old people need to  be examined from  time to time in order to get instant treatments if there’s something wrong, so  if there is someone in the family that can do this, then it’s safe to let the  old be taken care of at home, otherwise, it would be better to stay in specific  sanitarium.

 

 

特别申明:本文来自于小站教育【雅思口语】专栏,转载请以超链接形式标注本文出处,并附上此申明,否则将追究法律责任。

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