- 2015年08月18日14:57 来源：小站整理
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The leaders or directors of organizations are often older people. But some people say that young people can also be a leader what extent do you think?
分 析 ：
It is true that many leaders and senior executives in global companies are elderly people. However, I would argue that those superb young people are also eligible to take important positions in today's world.
On the one hand, compared to the young generation, elderly people possess more edges. First and foremost, they have better cognitive skills, such as big-picture thinking and long-term vision. This is because years of work experience and failures teach them to take every aspect into consideration before making important decisions.
By contrast, due to a lack of social experience, young leaders seem to make shortsighted decisions sometimes. Moreover, since the old have already overcome countless difficulties and challenges prior, they can quickly adjust their mood in turmoil and lift the morale of the whole organization.
On the other hand, there are two reasons why younger directors are also competent to be leaders in important positions. In the first place, with well-educated backgrounds, young leaders are more likely to have a deep understanding of cultural difference, and they can empathize with other employees and clients much better. Today, empathy plays a key role in retention of talents. For example, it is easy to misunderstand others in a cross-cultural dialogue. When good employees resign, they -might take the company's knowledge with them, which is a brain drain for the company. Secondly, compared with the senior leaders, young directors can apply the latest technology and theory into practice, and this can counteract negative stereotype of management and greatly improve the productivity.
In conclusion, in my opinion, age should not be the criterion when selecting the leader of leadership can play his or her role in the organization.
Some people think that the amount of noise people make have to be controlled strictly, others say that people are free to make as much as they wish. Discuss both sides and give your opinion
Recently, a growing number of people make noise in public or at their homes regardless of others' feeling. Regarding the problem of whether citizens should exercise strict control over the amount and volume of noise or not, people hold different views.
It is obviously reasonable for those to argue that tight noise control should be implemented. Initially, noise could exert detrimental effects on individuals' physical and mental health. Living in communities, citizens will inevitably be affected by their neighborhoods or coworkers. When the noise produced goes beyond a certain degree, it will influence the victim's the physical health.
Related research shows that long term exposure in a high-pitched environment could result in diseases like high blood pressure or heart disease. Meanwhile, the mental health of the victim would also suffer as he or she is mentally traumatized by the noise, hence residents should strictly control their noise to protect the physical and mental wellbeing of their neighbors.
Also, it is generally believed that a person who exerts tight control over his or her noise is a well-educated citizen with good manner. When a social member is conscious of others' wellbeing and is willing to make a sacrifice for the harmony of the neighborhood, he is a responsible and well-qualified citizen.
By contrast, there are those who contend that it is personal choice to decide how much noise they could make. Obviously, those people believe noise making is an individual rather than community act and what they do should not be influenced by others: However, they have overlooked a fact that people live in a connected world and inevitably what one did could have an influence on others.
In my view, well-educated citizens should exert tight control over the volume and amount of their noise. For those opponents, they could do whatever they like only if they could make sure the noise they make is within a certain limit and will not disturb others. If they could not meet this premise, they could by no means enjoy their so called freedom.
Nowadays both scientists and tourists can go to remote natural environments such as the South Pole. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
Unknown natural is always brimming with seductive scenery. Plenty of researchers and travelers make trips to distant natural places, such as the Mount Qomolangma, Antarctica and the North Pole. I am of the opinion that this has more disadvantages than advantages.
Discover of new areas always bring some irreparable destruction. Before the South Pole is in the sight of public, it was once an uncharted territory. Since its discovery, hundreds of explorers and scientists had taken adventures to this wilderness. At the same time, their scientific expedition may leave some geographical environment destruction there. And it is quite troublesome to make up such destruction.
Although travelers extremely enjoy the breathtaking natural landscape, they bring along tremendous risks. One of the most common phenomenon of travelers is producing pollution to local areas. As reported in many cases, holidaymakers have left behind tons of waste in the Antarctica over the last century. This will not only threaten the survival of many creatures, including endangered species such as penguins and seals, but also cause irreversible damage to the ecosystem.
In addition, we cannot avoid the fact that untouched environment are scientifically proved to have considerable oil and gas reserves. Currently, the world fuel supply is running out in the next fifty years, and no countries will help themselves from the temptation of these fuel sources. 'The greed of people will drive them to drain out the resource in these regions, and by then places like the South Pole will be truly deserted.
In conclusion, I confirm that travelling to virgin land will bring far more losses than gains.
Some people argue that too much attention and too many resources are given to the protection of wild animals and birds. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
这次的题目是少见的动物类，但是同学们要将题目着眼于是否保护动物，而不要太纠结于too much, 否则可能会很难下笔或者缺乏思路。
In recent years, animal protection has become an issue of concern. People take different attitudes toward the increasing attention and expenditure on wildlife conservations. Some people suggest that the spending should be redirected to helping other fields in our society. I agree with the view that the investment in wildlife protection is not worthwhile.
Animals, as a key component of the whole food chain, have a profound impact on the sustainability of an ecosystem. As we know, every kind of animals plays an important role in natural balance. For instance, the demise of any species may at the verge of extinction such as Dodo bird. If people did not take actions to protect wildlife as soon as possible, we humans would be affected in the end.
However,there are more issues that we need to foucus in our society rather than protecting animals. In current social context,
The primary task is still to improve living standards since there are many people living under the poverty line. Only when people are in a good living condition,can they pay attention to other social problems. Besides,technology and educatio are another two aspects for governments to concern. These two industries accelerate the development of society,which will provide a better protection for wildlife in turn.
In conclusion,although the animal is a significant part of ecosystem,it is better for governments to invest more finance and resources in other social problems.
Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists, not local people. Why is this the case and what can be done to attract local people.
Museums and historical sites are the sanctuary where we can acquire historical knowledge and cultural heritage. However, it has became less attractive to the local recently. As well as discussing the factors contributing to this trend, this essay will try to find its solutions.
It is apparent that many local people assume that they are consciously aware of their cities. And they feel less fresh if they have appreciated such places ever before. In addition, many museum and sites are chargeable. As a result, the local prefer to enjoy their leisure time at home rather than in museum or historical sites.
The inescapable fact is that Museums and historical sites are always the first option to many tourists. For one thing, they can pay the least spending as well as enjoy the most local knowledge and scenery. For another thing, the revenue of museums and historical sites account for the most of local tourism. Governments are more than pleased to attract tourists to these two places rather than to the locals. If this situation still continues in the future, there will be less local vising to the museums and historical sites.
One main solution is to enrich their diversity of activities. Museums can hold some larruping activities，such as Healthy Lecture and Civil Sporting Meeting. These activities will not only arouse the enthusiasm of citizens, but also add some color to this city. Besides, at some degree, lowing the price to draw more visits is also a feasible solution.
To summarize, tourists will continuously choose museum and historical sites as their must-visits. However, it is still necessary to take some actions to maintain the locals’ visiting.
Some people think that the best way to improve road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving cars and motorcycles. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It is sometimes argued that increasing the minimum age for unsupervised driving is the optimal way to ensure road safety. While this proposal seems feasible, I believe other solutions should be fully considered as well.
On the one hand, I agree that teenage drivers are more likely to have collisions on the road, compared to drivers in other age groups. This is because young
drivers,especially those who are in adolescence, tend to overestimate their driving abilities and underestimate the dangers On the road, For example, because of behavioural characteristics of youth, adolescents have a weak awareness Of safety. They are very likely to dlive faster than the speed limit or mimic those dangerous shots shown in the movie, such as drifting, which can lead to car accidents on roads.
Nevertheless, apart from Ontrolling legal age strictly, I believe that other
measures van beIakemto serious injuries. Firstly, the government
might sets higher stand:mls for testing drivers' ability to drive and prolong the
training time sincebetter prepared drivers and riders can reduce the number of
incidents. Besides, a right attitude plays a vital role in ensuring the road safety. For instance, eatiny drinking or talking on the phone while driving should be prohibited as these activities might distract driver's attention unexpected
consequences. Finally, for those disqualified drivers, who have serious crash record retest is a must.
In conclusion, although the lowest legal age can prevent some disqualified drivers on the road, Other considerations are equally important in tackling this issue.
The use of mobile phone in certain places is just as antisocial as smoking. do you think mobile should be banned like smoking?
Since the first mobile phone was invented, this technology has already changed our lives. However, while it gains its popularity, a lot of criticism also follow. Personally, I believe that it should not be banned.
We cannot avoid the fact that the mobile phone brings muelveonvenience to our lives. In the Old times, if we want to contract with a friend in a distant place, we may write a letter, which will take more half a month before he gets the letter. But with the help of the mobile phone, we can get the connection with ourfriends in less than 10 seconds. In addition, the mobile phone is able to achieve many features, such as shopping buying tickets and so on, which not only saves our time and spending, but also brings much entertainment.
At the same time, mobile phone industry creates great quantity of business
opportunities. In past one decade, mobile phones are sold by hundreds, by thousand, by million and provides unaccountable jobs in the modem world as well. For example, according to a survey, Samsung has made great contributions to Korean's GDP. However, the mobile phone also has an effect on our physical and mental health. As we all known, if weinsistto play digital games on our phones, we may suffer some eye diseases unless we realise its harmfulness. To make things Worse, nowadays many people would prefer to spend their time with some virtual friends rather than keep their families accompanied in reality.
In conclusion, I consider it has more benefits than drawbacks. If the mobile phone is used at a right place and right time, it still can be put into excellent usefulness.
Some students take one year off between finishing school and going to university, in order to travel or to work. Do you think advantages outweigh disadvantages?
分析：这跟剑5当中的题目"In some countries young people are encouraged to
work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people to do this."几乎一模一样。之前有练习过的烤鸭这下真的赚到了!
An increasing number of students choose to spend one year travelling or worklng before going to urffeersity after they graduate from high schools. Although students can benefit a lot from the experiences in a gap year, it.s drawbacks cannot be ignored.
On prominent advantage of experiencing a gap year is that it helps students to accumulate working experience and have a clear perspective Of career development.High schools emphasise academic development, which often makes students perplexed whenthey decide to choose a major in university. If an opportunity can be provided for them to participate in social activities, they will probably be more certain about their choice of major and work In additiorv working or traveling contributes to broadening students' horizons and enriching their life. "Illey need to live independently and communicate with people from different cultural backgrounds, which is of great value to both their life and work in the future.
Despite these advantages, this view still cannot be supported by Some parents and teachers. It is worried that Students will devote too much to work and travel, and will probably give up their academic development. University is a place where students can acquire knowledge and skills. If they give up a bachelor deyee, not only will the academic development be delayed, but also their career development will be negatively influenced. This is because with only a high-school deyee, students are less likely to stand out in the employment market. Some graduates with low degrees have to undertake some jobs demanding long time and offering low income.
To sum up, taking a gap year before starting university life provides students good opportunities to know more about themselves and the real world. However, if they are indulged in travel or work and abandon their academic task, they might feel regretful soon.
Some people think that it is more important to plant more trees in open area which in towns and cities than build more housing. To what extend do agree or disagree?
主体段1：the benefits of taking one year off before going to university.
主体段2：the drawbacks of spending-one year travelling or working after finishing school.
With the rapid urbanization of our society, tree seems more valuable than ever before. At the same time, a great number of people support more greenery in open areas in towns and cities rather than more housing buildings. I am of the opinion that this action has more benefits than drawbacks
Trees are an important part of the urban environment and a city with easy access to green spaces is more livable and attractive for most people. First of all, as we all know, green plants can carry out photosynthesis, which not only absorb carbon dioxide, but also release oxygen. Therefore, the air quality in cities will be improved greatly. Secondly, people living in cities with plenty of trees are less likely to suffer health problems caused by smog and fumes. This is extremely important because today travelling by car has become a major means of travel in most cities.
Housing guarantees people's basic -need of accommodation. Today, many real estate developers overdevelop the open areas with the purpose of gaining huge profit. "This will occupy the valuable and limited land resources. In addition, considering our almost saturated real estate industry and market, there is no more need to build more housing. In fact, many employers cannot afford to purchase a flat because of the high housing price. Therefore, compared to housing building, trees seems more significant to our environment.
To sum up, I believe that planting more trees in open areas will bring far more gains than losses.
Some working parents believe childcare centers can provide best care for their children, while others think of other family members like grandparents can do this job. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
首段：背景介绍 + 争议焦点 + 作家立场
Traditionally, toddlers are raised by their relatives such as grandparents in most countries. However, daycare centers have gained a growing popularity among working parents in recent years. From my point of view, attending a childcare center has more benefits.
One obvious argument in favor of daycare centers is that it provides children with the professional childhood education. This is because a good daycare center is normally equipped with well-trained staff who can impart different skills, such as singing, dancing, painting and storytelling, to children through a variety of activities during the day. In addition to the well-organized, structured projects, toddlers are provided with more opportunities to socialize with other peers, which helps them gain confidence and self-consicousness. However, these opportunities are rare to achieve if they are watched over by grandparents.
Opponents feel that a relative care is as effective as children center. The reason for this is that taking care of a child is never an easy task, as children need constant love and attention. In fact, due to the limited number of caregivers, children are less likely to get the one-on-one care. By contrast, relatives, grandparents in particular, have sufficient time to take care of their beloved grandchildren, which also contributes to the family bond.
I personally believe that no child can become an active and valuable member of any society without intercommunicating with other peers. Therefore, although there are conniving arguments for a relative care, it is better to send them into daycare centers in the childhood period.
Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
这个题目有很多关键词，famous people，international aid organization, MAKE problems less important. 很容易跑题，或者举例不恰当.
With the negative influence of famous people’s bad behavior exposing to our slight more frequently, plenty of citizens begin to doubt their support towards international aid organizations. However, many people still believe that famous people are helpers rather problem makers. From my point of view, international aid organizations can attract more citizens’ attention on problems if celebrities give the right support and set up good images.
It is sensible to argue that international charity groups can take advantage of the publicity of celebrities. With the announcement of high-profile figures, such as famous singers, movie stars and sports professionals, the activities or campaigns of international organisations can be responded immediately, if they are endorsed by celebrities. In the early time of this year, ALS Ice Bucket Challenge spread around the world within a few days by the sharing of many celebrities. Meanwhile, the organisations also received millions of donation by fans as well.
Nevertheless, it is an undeniable fact that a small part of celebrities don’t gain much popularity or bring any convenience to international aid organizations. Although some celebrities give their support to these organizations outwardly, they don’t bring any tangible help. For example, some celebrities lead a luxurious life and never take practical actions to social problems, or even only take advantage of international aid organizations to advocate for themselves. As a result, the public will loose confidence to these organizations, not to mention solving problems.
To sum up, I believe international aid organizations will receive much more help from celebrities and figure out more problems if celebrities can make the right choices and their celebrity effect is used appropriately.
Some people believe that the increasing use of the computers and the mobile phones has a negative effect on young people’s reading and writing skill，do you agree or disagree?
Some educators have warned that the prevalence of mobile phones and the internet has a negative effect on adolescents’ academic ability. I agree with this view.
Firstly, the wide use of “Internet English” is regarded as the culprit of the declining writing skills. One obvious reason is that young adults may make some grammatical mistakes unconsciously because of the frequent use of improper abbreviations and punctuation on mobile devices, and this might pose a threat to their future career where a professional writing ability is required in most companies. Therefore, many linguists have expressed their concerns that the instant messaging and chatting on mobile phones might harm the ability of using formal written English.
Secondly, the poor reading proficiency can be put down to the frequent use of technologies as well. Compared to the older generation, young people today are cluttered with different gadgets, like iPad and iPhone. For instance, with easy access to wifi, they can surf the internet anywhere and anytime to follow the latest information of their idols in another country. However, most social networks deliver fragment and useless information, which not only steals time away from solitary reading but also undermine the ability to think independently. In my opinion, this phenomenon should be reversed as soon as possible because reading has a profound effect on a nation’s future.
In conclusion, while these electronic devices make the communication much more convenient, I am in the camp that they might affect young people’s academic performance negatively.
Nowadays, older people who need employment have to compete with younger people. What problems do this cause? And what are the solutions?
It is true that a growing number of young adults are faced with increasing competition from the elderly in the workplace. Although there will undoubtedly be some negative consequences of this trend, we can take steps to mitigate these potential problems.
Some related problems can be anticipated. The main issue is that more young employees are likely to suffer unemployment. This is because young employees are relatively restricted in terms of work experience and communication skills, compared with those experienced workers. Therefore, employers prefer to recruit older people with higher working efficiency rather than those who just graduate from the university. In addition, without a decent job and salary, it is extremely difficult for young people to make a living and raise their families, and this poses a threat to social stability since some of them might commit a crime to make a fast buck.
Personally, I feel that governments and academic institutions should work hand in hand to tackle this issue. Most elders of retirement age, especially those living in industrialized countries receive a pension monthly, so there is no need for them to seek a job. In other words, the government should allocate more money to pension system, which can basically guarantee the basic needs of most elders. Besides that, education system should update the curriculum used currently and design more career-oriented courses for job hunters. By doing this, young people can become more competitive in the job market.
In conclusion, I am in the camp that more steps can be taken to improve the wellbeing of the two generations.
Some people think only best students should be rewarded, others think we should reward students who make progress.
It is universally believed that providing students with many rewards is an effective way to improve academic performance. Although some would argue that only those top students are eligible to receive these rewards, I am in the camp that anyone who makes progress should be rewarded as well.
Firstly, advocates believe that it is reasonable to offer prizes to the high-level performers. This is because one needs to pay a great amount of effort than other classmates in order to earn a high grade in the exam. In addition, top performers normally act as a facilitator to encourage other students to work harder and they can create a competitive learning setting in the school.
However, rewarding top players merely is likely to result in some undesirable results in some occasions. The reason is that those best students are relatively few in the class. If we only pay attention to those few high-level learners and ignore the rest of the students, the enthusiasm for study might be reduced. Some opponents, therefore, feel that it is necessary for teachers to give certain awards to those who put forward reasonable efforts in study. The extrinsic reward provided to them is not only a recognition of their former performance, but also a motivator for further study since a sense of accomplishment can boost their confidence and help them become the high-level students eventually.
In conclusion, my view is that both types of students should be rewarded, which is beneficial for the learning environment in the campus.
Young people who commit crimes should be treated in the same way as adults by
authorities . To what extent do you agree or disagree ?
It is sometimes argued that young lawbreakers should be tried as adults for crimes. I personally believe that this is partly reasonable.
On the one hand, those who participate in violent crimes should not be treated differently than adult offenders. This is because most crimes, such as rape or murder, are thoughtful, deliberate and cunning in its planning and execution. If our courts trend toward a more lenient position, then the related laws and punishment will not have a deterring effect on teenagers. As a result, teenagers are likely to commit horrible crimes since they are aware that they have legal protection. What’s worse, these teens might recommit after they are released from jails. In some cases, the lighter sentencing might also lead to resentment towards the judicial system as victims might argue that these young offenders do not confess what they have done. This could also result in insecurity in our society eventually.
On the other hand, the circumstances of a crime and its motivation should be taken into consideration when it comes to juvenile delinquency. For example, because of distress and hunger, some teens may turn to stealing food or robbery during a period of famine. Under this circumstance, harsh punishment, such as long-term jail might not be the best solution. In my view, most of the young offenders lack parenting and self-discipline, which would mean that other alternatives, such as community service and rehabilitation might be better alternatives for them.
In conclusion, I feel that it is vitally important for judges and state legislators to ensure the justice equality regardless of the criminal’s age.
Developments of technology are causing environmental problems. Some people think the solution is that everyone accepts a simpler life, while others believe that technology can solve these problems. Discuss both views and give your opinion。
There is no doubt that modern technology has caused a variety of environmental issues, both in cities and towns. Ironically, I feel that technology can address some of these problems but at the same time, personal effort is a must.
Theoretically, addressing some environmental issues by adopting simple lifestyles is sensible. According to the statistics, during the last 100 years, the earth’s surface temperature has risen dramatically because of human activities. Therefore, some people feel that the changes in our lifestyles can reverse this worrying trend. For example, the growing number of vehicles on the road emits a large quantity of green house gases, such as carbon dioxide, which will worsen the air quality. If residents chose other modes of transport, like buses or subways, this serious condition would be alleviated to a large extent. However, in my opinion, this policy would be very unpopular with some people, especially those living in the suburb, who do need to travel on roads.
While it is undeniable that an individual’s behavior has a profound effect on the environment, other people argue that the improvement in technology can tackle some problems in turn. For example, the technology today is available to produce electric cars that would be both quieter and cleaner to use. Persuading manufacturers and travelers to adopt this new technology would be a more effective strategy for improving air quality fundamentally.
My own view is that apart from individual effort and environmental friendly technologies, we need to do more, such as introducing related laws and regulations. Environmental problems are so complex that each effort should be combined together to win the battle.
To improve the quality of education, people think that we should encourage our students to evaluate and criticize their teachers. Others believe that it will result in a loss of respect and discipline in the classroom. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Nowadays, whether evaluating and criticizing teachers should be supported in the classroom has become a controversial issue. From my perspective, evaluation and criticism of teachers are necessary for the improvement of education if they are objective and reasonable.
On the one hand, proposing changes to teachers’ lesson content contributes to the improvement of teaching quality. Usually, it is difficult for teachers to realize the mistakes and slips in their teaching unless students remind them. Additionally, teachers may not clearly know what students have known and want to know when planning their lessons. If students can put forward their ideas and suggestions towards the lesson, it will be of great help for teachers to upgrade the teaching projects. Moreover, trying to evaluate teachers’ lesson is particularly beneficial for students’ academic and career development in the future. The modern education emphasizes criticism and innovation. Undoubtedly, it is an effective way for students to debate or discuss with teachers.
On the other hand, the disruptive students will probably disturb the class and negatively affect both teaching and learning outcomes. When students voice their opinions in the classroom, it will be hard to maintain the order and discipline and the teachers may feel disrespected. Also, students will suffer a loss in terms of knowledge and other learning content. This is because teachers always devote much to delivering knowledge and explaining theories. If they are disrupted, the teaching plan may not be able to be fulfilled. As a result, both teachers and students have to face a loss in the quality of education.
To sum up, it can be recommended that students evaluate and criticize teachers in the classroom on the premise that they have decent manners without disturbing the learning atmosphere. Only in this way will teachers and students achieve a win-win outcome in education.
In some countries around the world men and women are having children late in life. What are the reasons for this development? What are the effects on society and family life?
In the modern world, young adults prefer to raise children late in their life. This essay will mainly analyze the potential reasons and how it will affect society and family life as well.
There are three main factors contributing to the postponed parenthood. In general, people who bear great pressure from their work are less likely to prepare childbirth early, considering that they may have little time to attend their children. This problem can also be attributed to the high cost of modern life. The young people without adequate savings will probably be afraid of high living cost and expensive tuition. Another reason for this is the difficulty in balancing work and life. More young people emphasize the promotion in career, and thus spare little time for a stable marriage life which is viewed as a significant element for rearing children.
It cannot be denied that late childbirth is able to provide more time for young couples to be ready for the new members in their families. They need to learn how to raise children before they decide to have children. In addition, if they delay childbirth, they can provide more economic support for children’s rearing and education.
However, the low birthrate will cause an increase in ageing population. It is widely known that most medical needs and costs occur in the last years of life. Therefore, young people have to face the need to care for the elderly family members. From the perspective of the society, due to a shift in the age structure of the workforce, an ageing society with a low birthrate is likely to encounter labor shortage.
To summarize, the delay in having children is mainly attributed to the stresses and strains men and women bear in both their life and work. Although this may help them better prepare for their children’s development, the negative effects on both society and family life cannot be ignored.
Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those in their local community who need it. Others, however prefer to give money to national and international charitable organizations. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Although people in industrialized countries lead a high standard of living, it is undeniable that there are still 1.2 billion people living below the poverty line. In order to solve poverty-related problems, I feel that all kinds of help should be encouraged and respected.
Giving a helping hand to those who are in need in the local community seems reasonable. It is because even in the richest countries, there are still a lot of people, such as disabled people and orphanages, suffering from famine and extreme poverty. For this reason, it is easy and convenient for us to help our fellow citizens, such as donating food or clothing to them, so that we can see the result of our actions immediately. By contrast, it is rather difficult to track expenditure of international aids, which might result in corruption in some cases.
Those who donate money to domestic and international charities believe that the collection of money has a tremendous effect on the poor countries compared with other forms of help. This is because few people are able to donate a large amount of money to construct schools, hospitals and roads in poor areas. Instead, governments and charities can achieve this. International aids can also purchase vaccines which are available in developed countries by using the money raised worldwide and save millions children’s life.
In my view, minor proportion of donated money and other sorts of help should be appreciated equally as long as the money reaches to those who need it desperately. The government could run campaign and encourage door-to door help. At the same time, charitable organizations should make every penny count for donors.
As the transportation and accommodation problem increases in big cities, some governments are encouraging business move from the city to the rural area, do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
It is sometimes argued that some business should be removed from cities to rural areas. Personally, I believe this has more benefits than drawbacks.
Firstly, suburbs usually have better surroundings than urban areas. This is because companies can provide their employees with a better office environment and living condition there, which would enhance employees’ enthusiasm for work. In addition, a comfortable office environment and living condition can decrease frequency of talent-flowing and ensure companies’ development.
Secondly, migrating some business to rural areas will make our cities a better place to live in. Large factory buildings will cover urban places extensively. If businesses relocate their factories to rural areas, these places can be used to build roads, parks, hospitals and other public facilities, and there might be less traffic jam in the rush hour. At the same time, governments can plant more greenery to reduce air pollution. As a result, it provides citizens with better air quality, which is beneficial for their health.
However, we have to admit that this policy still exist some disadvantages. Although moving some business to rural areas can ease traffic problems, it will increase the cost of transportation for those who live in the remote areas. Besides, the ecosystem in rural areas is quite fragile, the over-exploration may cause irreversible damage to our environment if we fail to provide some reasonable plans.
In conclusion, I believe that moving some business to rural areas will bring more advantages.
In some countries, a high proportion of criminal acts are committed by teenagers. Why has this happened? What can be done to deal with this?
In recent years, the proportion of crimes committed by teenagers has increased dramatically and this has caused a widespread discussion. Media violence and unstable family life may be the two main factors leading to adolescents’ criminal tendency. Both of them will be discussed in detail below, followed by solutions.
The lack of family life should take responsibility for juvenile delinquency. Most parents educate their children in an impropriate way like beating and abusing. Even now, may parents still hold a view that a good son is a product of the rod. This educational method will leave children a misleading impression about violence when they are very young, and they are more likely to become real offenders in the future. To solve this problem, parents should adjust parenting at home, interacting with their children more frequently and giving more attention and care especially emotional needs.
Excessive exposure to media violence also plays a big role in the increase of youth crime. As we all know, the violence shots are prevalent in many films and TV games, which affects young people the most. Teenagers who lack self-discipline tend to imitate their fantasy hero’s criminal behavior after watching action films in real situations. Actually, these teenagers are misled by their heroes. In this case, the government should set a rating and censorship system in order to control the amount of violence, threat and horror on screen.
In conclusion, family life and media violence are main triggers of juvenile delinquency. Parents should transform their ways to care and educate their children. Meanwhile, governments should provide a healthy environment on the screen.
Many people do not feel safe either at home or they are out. What are the causes, and what can be done to make people feel safer?
Security is always a frequently talked topic in the modern society. Looking into the factors leading to dangers helps people to protect themselves from insecurity. This essay will mainly analyze the reasons for this problem and provide some solutions.
There are two main factors contributing to the phenomenon that more people feel insecure. In general, the detailed description of violence on the mass media should be responsible for this problem. When criminal cases such as shooting, theft and driving after drinking are often reported on the TV, the viewers’ safety and security will probably be threatened and they will be in the belief that they are likely to subject to offenses at any time. This problem can also be attributed to the widespread use of mobile devices. With more applications installed in people’s smart phones, they save too many secrets on this device--the online bank passwords and the information of their social network which may include significant business opportunities. It is not exaggerated that their lives and property will be threatened if they lose their precious mobile devices.
To solve this problem, governments, police stations and citizens themselves should cooperate with each other. First of all, the government should impose a restriction on the representation of crimes, reducing the plots focusing on the detailed description. The governments and police stations needs to set up a security system, through which citizens’ personal information can be prevented from being stolen. It is also of great essence that citizens should raise the awareness of security.
As mentioned above, the occurrence of crime on the mass media and the storage of personal information on mobile devices are the main reasons for insecurity. Governments, police stations and citizens should make a concerted effort to address this issue.
It is suggested that all the young adults should undertake a period of unpaid work helping people in the community. Does it bring more benefits or drawbacks to the community and the young people?
题目的类型属于一种观点里的利弊判断。话题类别属于社会与教育。这个问题中提到了两方面，既有young people 也有community，因此，在主体段中最好两方面都要有提及。
In recent years, it has become more and more common for societies to encourage young people to do unpaid work in the local community. In my view, the voluntary participation of youth brings more benefits to young people and community.
By doing unpaid work, young people can gain experience and exercise skills, which are helpful for their performance in the future career life. For instance, when they work with others and interact with people, they can enhance their abilities of problem solving, communication and teamwork. Also, young people will feel a sense of belonging to the local community through voluntary work, building unity and reducing distrust among members of community. To communities, with the help of young people, they can reduce the financial burden of the community. If communities employ professional workers to do the same work, a high cost certainly occurs. But now, local councils can do more in other aspects like updating sport facilities or supporting disabled people, with the saving money.
Despite those merits of voluntary work, there are some potential drawbacks. Unpaid work might occupy a lot of time, which will lead to an obvious decrease in their learning efficiency in school or workplace. Besides, how to organize young people to work systematically is still a problem to local communities. Communities should avoid potential conflicts since these young people come from different social backgrounds.
From the above discussion, young people should be encouraged to do unpaid work since community service is good for youngsters’ future career life. Meanwhile, communities can save money to do something more beneficial to local community construction. However, there are still some negative points such as wasting time for young people and hard organization for community.
Advertising discourages us from being different individuals by making them want to be or to look the same. Do you agree or disagree?
大作文首先一定要搞明白题目的意思，做好Task response。如何做好Task response呢?看题目关键词，discourage, different, want to be, look the same.围绕着这些词来思考论点。这个题目没有问你广告的优点or缺点，所以千万不要去写这些，有些同学很兴奋，看到考前看到过的题目，但是没有逐字逐句去挖掘题目的深意，很容易跑题。
It is said that advertising is so influential that it persuade people to become similar with each other. I believe this statement is a bit overstated.
First of all, it is unfair to blame advertisements for the popularity of some certain products amongst consumers. For example, using iPhone and other electric devices has become
increasingly popular throughout the world, especially in China. What are the reasons? I think it is because of its good selling points and designs instead of the commercials. While some might counter that some target consumers are vulnerable, such as children and teenagers, and they might be persuaded to purchase similar items, I believe it seldom happens since these days young people are longing for distinctive appearance and individuality.
Secondly, it is truly less likely for consumers to make similar choices with the help of commercials. By viewing a variety of advertisements broadcasted on TV or billboard, people are informed of different choices in terms of prices, designs and patterns. They might fine-tune their demand first, comparing the products available on the market, and making wise decisions that satisfy themselves in the end. By contrast, without the advertisement, consumers have no access to discover their real needs and find the better choice, which might lead to uniformity in purchasing decisions.
In conclusion, it is the quality of goods rather than their advertisements that attracts consumers. As there are so many kinds of commercials, customers have a wide range of selections, making them become different rather than identical.
Some people say government should give the health care the first priorities , some others believe there are more important priorities to spend the tax payers' money. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Paragraph 1： 引出背景及双方观点，表明个人立场;
Paragraph 2： 一方观点：政府注重医保问题的必要性以及重要性;
Paragraph 3： 另一方观点：政府更应该把纳税人的钱用于对教育以及其他娱乐公共设施的投资;
Where tax payers’ money goes is an issue of broad interest to the general public. Some people advocate that the government should give the health care the first priorities, while opponents hold the idea that other fields like education and public facilities are worth government funding. As far as I’m concerned, the possibility remains that the opinions can be reconciled and the government can coordinate budgeting to meet the needs.
Government interference in health-care and medical services is also highly recommended. Availability of affordable medical service is a mark of the social and economic development of a country. By providing the needy people with medical service, a country can inspire the loyally of citizens. People feel assured living and working in a country where they can be given medical service when unemployed, sick, injured or retired. By comparison, if they cannot afford the high cost of visiting the clinic, hospitalization, or buying drugs, they are less likely to enjoy their living. Social solidarity will eventually suffer.
However, both empirical knowledge and academic research suggest that making education available throughout a country and eliminating illiteracy can pave the way for economic development. By receiving education, children from impoverished families can shake off poverty, climb high in the social ladder and live better off. Education also allows citizens to secure employment and cam regular income, thereby maintaining or improving their standard of living. In the hierarchy of human needs, those needs for food, shelter and health are among the basic. After these targets are attained, people turn to higher aspirations, entertainment and recreation. Leisure facilities like stadiums are cinemas satisfy people's needs in these fields.
To draw a conclusion, the decision to finance health care or other fields depends on the financial situation of a country. When an economy comes to maturity, the launch of educational system and recreational entertainment projects are reasonable.
As well as making money, businesses should also have social responsibilities. Do you agree or disagree?
分析：今天的题目是新题，但是认真备考过的烤鸭对于此类话题应该不会感到陌生。经济学里有个术语叫CSR,英文全称是Corporate Social Responsibility, 意思是说企业在创造利润的同时，也要承担起对员工，消费者，社区和环境的责任。那么，我们在针对该题进行头脑风暴时就可以从这几个角度切入。
The last years has witnessed the boom of enterprises. Apart from the target of making profits, the businesses are obliged to solve some social problems. This will have some positive effects on both our society and the enterprise itself, although the high cost on social issues may affect its normal operation.
It is widely acknowledged that the support from enterprises is of great value to narrow income gaps. Most companies have gained fiscal benefits from various entrepreneurial activities. However, there are still a large number of families that cannot afford educational expense and are at disadvantage in terms of educational opportunities and career development. If they can provide financial assistance for the students from disadvantaged backgrounds, these students will probably have a competitive advantage in the job market and land a decent job in the future.
In addition, when companies make contributions to solving social problems, there is a possibility that they can bring more profits to themselves in return. Many successful businesses have good reputations. If they decide to make joint efforts with other enterprises to help the public raise the awareness of environmental protection, the corporate image is likely to be improved. As a result, these businesses will be able to gain more profits in trade activities.
Admittedly, if enterprises spend too much money tackling social problems such as improving employees’ social welfare and medical service, the operation and development may be negatively influenced. More seriously, some companies will probably have to accept the fact of bankruptcy.
To conclude, businesses have the obligation to shoulder social responsibilities, which can not only contribute to social stability, but also enhance their own profits, although it may be difficult for them to balance social and entrepreneurial benefits sometimes.
The natural resources such as oil, forests and fresh water are being consumed at an alarming rate. What problems does it cause? How can we solve these problems?
The universal phenomenon of excessive consumption of natural resources actually remains a subject of public interest and concern. The objective of this essay is to outline both the potential problems of this negative tendency and appropriate ways of dealing with it.
Consuming considerable resources will cause inevitable environmental pollution. The low efficiency of resources use in factories may aggravate this problem. One of the best solutions may be encouraging companies to adopt more eco-friendly equipment, making optimal use of materials. Meanwhile, local governments can enact stricter environment-protection standards to normalize the enterprise operations.
In addition, since available natural resources are quite limited on the earth, the overuse of these restricted resources will worsen the shortage of natural materials and lower people’s standard of living indirectly. It is well-recognized that only a few natural resources can be used directly in our daily life. For example, the drinkable water accounts for just less than 1% of all the world water resources. Also, to meet the basic needs of people, some alternative materials have been invented when some resources are in a short supply. For instance, artificial cotton, a material which is made from rice straw, has replaced cotton in clothing industry in recent years. However, the clothes made of artificial cotton are definitely not as comfortable as the natural ones. Wearing these clothes means a lower life quality to some people to some extent. To address this problem, people should develop a more active attitude towards economizing resources, leading a low carbon life.
To summarize, consuming natural resources at an increasing rate may pose a threat on environment and people’s life. Business, governments and society should work together to solve these problems.
Some people who have been in prison become good citizens later. Some people think that they are the best people to talk to school students about the danger of committing a crime. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
A child’s education has never been about learning information and basic skills only. It has always included teaching the next generation how to become law-abiding citizens. While some people claim that those ex-prisoners are the best teachers to raise the awareness regarding laws, I believe that other measures are equally effective.
Obviously, ex-prisoners play a vital role in cutting youth crime. This is because those released prisoners have witnessed the horrors happened in the jail and they may also experience some of them. At the same time, they can share the tears and sorrows they suffered in the jails and the harm they have brought to the victims and their family members. This is more impressive than the traditional lectures given by professors. By listening to a wide range of real cases in person, young generation will realize the consequence of the irresponsible behavior deeply and discipline themselves strictly in the future.
Nevertheless, I believe other alternatives should be taken into consideration as well. It is common for people to have a fear towards criminals, especially those who have committed violent crimes and therefore face-to-face conversation between the young and people with a criminal record might be inappropriate in some cases. By contrast, policemen normally have a good impression among youngsters and they can become the active voice in reducing juvenile delinquency. Apart from them, parents can certainly be the first to help children learn the differences between right and wrong since they are the people who know their children best in the world.
In my opinion, it is the responsibility of every member of a society to help the young generation to become good citizens.