- 2016年03月23日16:20 来源：小站教育作者：小站雅思编辑
- 参与（4） 阅读（1377）
More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult. Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone?
1.Cities are often seen as places of opportunity, but there are also some major drawbacks of living in a large metropolis. In my opinion, governments could do much more to improve city life for the average inhabitant.
2.The main problem for anyone who hopes to migrate to a large city is that the cost of living is likely to be much higher than it is in a small town or village. Inhabitants of cities have to pay higher prices for housing, transport, and even food. Another issue is that urban areas tend to suffer from social problems such as high crime and poverty rates in comparison with rural areas. Furthermore, the air quality in cities is often poor, due to pollution from traffic, and the streets and public transport systems are usually overcrowded. As a result, city life can be unhealthy and stressful.
3.However, there are various steps that governments could take to tackle these problems. Firstly, they could invest money in the building of affordable or social housing to reduce the cost of living. Secondly, politicians have the power to ban vehicles from city centres and promote the use of cleaner public transport, which would help to reduce both air pollution and traffic congestion. In London, for example, the introduction of a congestion charge for drivers has helped to curb the traffic problem. A third option would be to develop provincial towns and rural areas, by moving industry and jobs to those regions, in order to reduce the pressure on major cities.
4.In conclusion, governments could certainly implement a range of measures to enhance the quality of life for all city residents.
首段：places of opportunity机会之地 in a large metropolis在一个大都市里 the average inhabitant 普通居民（注意是单数形式）
二段：cost of living生活成本 pay higher prices for housing为住房支付更高的费用
suffer from social problems 遭遇社会问题
poverty rates贫困率 poor air quality空气质量差
pollution from traffic交通污染 public transport systems公共交通系统
三段：social housing社会福利住房 ban vehicles from city centres 在市中心禁车
cleaner public transport更为环保的公共交通 a congestion charge征收交通费
curb the traffic problem遏制交通问题 develop provincial towns发展省级市镇 reduce the pressure on减少压力
四段：enhance the quality of life提高生活质量 city residents城市居民
1. First paragraph gives a background information and a statement
2 . In second paragraph , problems are stated one after another by using linking words
The main problem ...is that
Another issue is that
As a result
需要重点说一下。simon自己在这一段承认了，故意没有按照传统的方式在段首摆出主题句，而是直接地接二连三用了3个观点句，来讲城市生活的3个问题。并最后得出了一个城市生活的总体的弊端“unhealthy and stressful”,这一句可以认为是全文的主题句。
3.In third paragraph ,there is a topic sentence after that measures are suggested for government
However + topic sentence
Secondly + one example
A third option would be ( to do ...)
4. Conclusion paragraph is very short but cut to the point
First main body paragraph(主体段1): 5 句
Second main body paragraph(主体段2): 5 句
Conclusion(结尾): 1 句