- 2016年12月09日14:58 来源：互联网
- 参与（0） 阅读（1435）
In some cities, the government has tried to reduce traffic. For instance, they imposed a congestion tax during rush hour. Do you think this development is positive or negative? 在一些城市，政府试图缓解交通压力，例如，征收高峰期通行费，你认为有力还是有弊?(2016年1月30日)
Drivers should pay a certain amount of fees so that they can be permitted to drive out in traffic busy time. Do you agree or disagree the statement? (2008年7月12日 = 2007年1月14日)
【首段】背景介绍 + 作家立场
Going through the rush hours is a tiresome business. The prevalence of various public transport has led to severe traffic congestion，especially during the rush hours. Being stuck in the long queues of vehicles seems to be a big headache for many city dwellers. Personally speaking, it is about time governments adopted effective measures, drivers should be charged when they need to drive out in a heavy traffic, which will exert a really positive impact on reducing the serious traffic conditions.
For a start, paying some permission fees could decrease the incidence of going through the busy traffic. To be more specific, some drivers would be unwilling to drive their cars in order to save money when they have no urgent things. Hence，this will mitigate the pressure of heavy traffic congestion. Further, the decreasing number of cars will also purify the air and reduce the noise. As a result, the living quality of the whole city will be greatly optimized, citizens will enjoy a cleaner environment.
This debate reminds me of my own city. Our city government has fewer policies in terms of tackling the pressure of traffic congestion, which negatively influences people’s normal work. The large amount of release of exhaust gas has deteriorated the environment. Even worse, long time wait will ruin the drivers’ moods. Consequently, some people might fail to happily perform their working tasks when they arrive at the workplace. By contrast, the fee from drivers increases the governmental income so that more financial budget could be allocated to perfecting the traffic conditions. Specifically, the government could build more over-bridges to reduce the pressure of traffic jam.
【四段】 让步向司机收费的弊端 + 加以反驳
Granted, I have to concede that this policy might impose much pressure upon the drivers economically. If they pay even limited amount of money every day, then there will be large sums of money as a whole. What I want to rebut, however, is that in time of a traffic jam, the oil consumption is much more than that of driving a slowly moving car. The cost of gasoline may be even expensive than the counterpart people pay for driving permission.
In closing, I re-affirm my conviction that it is worthwhile to ask for driving permission fees when the traffic is busy.
1. is a tiresome business 是一件很让人心烦的事情
2. the prevalence of various public transport 各种公共交通工具的普及
3. serious traffic congestion = severe traffic jam = a heavy traffic 严重的交通拥堵
4. driving permission 交通通行费
5. should be charged 应该被收费
6. the rush hours 上下班的高峰期
7. drive through 乘车穿过
8. impose much pressure upon the drivers economically 增加了司机的经济压力
9. exert a really positive impact on 对于……施加利好的影响
10. decrease the incidence of 减少……发生的机率
11. mitigate the pressure of heavy traffic congestion 缓解交通拥堵的压力
12. release of exhaust gas 废气的释放
13. ruin the drivers’ moods 使司机的心情变坏
14. Charging traffic jam fees will definitely help ease the pressure of heavy traffic. 收取交通阻碍费一定可以帮助缓解交通的压力。
15. During the busy traffic time，it is a wise attempt to encourage drivers to pay a certain amount of fees to perfect current traffic conditions. 为改善当前的交通状况，在交通高峰时段，向司机收取一定的费用是明智的尝试。