- 2017年01月23日13:32 来源：互联网
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Task：Some people think the best way to solve traffic congestion in cities is to provide free public transport 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
When it comes to the issue about how to tackle traffic congestions, some people may argue that the best solution is to offer citizens free public transport all the time, but personally speaking, I cannot approve of this opinion.
Admittedly, free transportation could function to reduce traffic congestions because people would decrease the use of private cars. With the purpose of saving money, more passengers prefer to choose public transport rather than drive their own cars. Then, even during the commuting time, the number of private cars may drop significantly, and there will be less traffic congestion. Nevertheless, there exist more drawbacks than benefits acquired from free transportation.
To begin with, the government may face more economic burdens if public transportation is free. The government has the responsibility of optimizing resources it has to improve the life quality of its citizens. Providing that the government allocates too much money to public traffic, other parts of services, such as pension for the elderly and the disabled, may not be well supported. Thus, in order to balance the use of funding of the government, public transport should not be free.
Furthermore, providing free public transport all the time could lead to a waste of resources. It is commonly acknowledged that traffic congestions usually occur during the commuting time and it may be a more efficient method to provide zero-fare transport in some specific periods, such as between 7 am to 8 am in the morning. Apart from the commuting time, free public transport does not make sense because there is no congestion at all.
In sum, providing free public transport all the time may not be the best method to tackle traffic congestions, considering that there is no need to provide free transport when there is no congestion and the government may face financial deficit as well.