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2017年4月15日托福写作真题解析

2017年04月17日09:58 来源:小站教育
参与(3) 阅读(21)
摘要:托福备考过程中,关注每次的托福考试写作题目和相关例文,对于我们来说都是会有很多帮助的。那么,在以下内容中我们就为大家详细解析2017年4月15日托福写作考试的相关细节,希望能为你的备考带来帮助。

托福考试写作部分包括两道试题,需在大约50分钟的时间内完成。独立写作试题部分需30分钟的时间,需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法。通常有效的回答应是一篇300个单词左右的作文。此外,考生有20分钟的时间来总结听力材料中的要点,并解释这些要点与阅读材料中的要求有何不同。

2017年4月15日托福写作真题解析图1

20160415托福写作考题回忆

综合

阅读:beavers should not be released in England

1.    Beavers use wood build dams,这样就会block the water flow

2.    Beavers dig holes,然后使ground above腐烂,不利于farmland

3.    Beavers’teeth are so strong that they will burrow in trees and thus kill the trees

听力:releasing beavers的好处大于坏处

1.    Beavers并不会在每条河流中build dams,很多build dams的河流是still

2.    Beavers通常在Long river中,通常long river水流很快,beavers可以slow down the water flow,这样对农田有利

3.    把有些trees kill掉反而使vegetation多样化,因为部分树木挪调之后会使原本在树荫下的植物有更多的阳光,这样这些vegetation就可以长的更好,就会出现一个new ecosystem

Sample Answer:

The writer makes the point that beavers should not be released in England, on the contrary, the professor demonstrates a different idea that releasing beavers actually has more advantages over disadvantages.

 

Initially, the professor refutes the viewpoint showed in the passage by saying that blocking the water flow is not something that should be worried, because beavers will not build dams in every river, and many of such rivers are still. Besides, blocking the water flow helps protect young fish from their predators. This is converse with the main idea in the reading passage that beavers will block the water flow by using wood to build dams, which will lead to the decline of fish population.

 

Another important point showed in the reading material is that beavers dig holes in ground, which is bad for farmland because of the erosion they cause in this way. But the professor presents a conflicting idea that beavers actually are beneficial to farmland because erosion happens not so frequently for beavers help slow down the water flow. 

 

Finally, the professor states that beavers are not detrimental to tress. To be specific, beavers help form a new ecosystem by stimulating the growth of new plants and developing a more diversified vegetation. This challenges the standpoint made by the writer who says that beavers’ teeth are so strong that they will burrow in trees and thus kill the trees.

(233 words)

独立

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement. It is better to make friends with intelligent people than with the people who have a good sense of humor.

解题思路:

Humorous friend

1.    社会压力很大,幽默的朋友可以帮助我们解压。

2.    我们可以从聪明的朋友那个学到很多知识

3.    虽然跟聪明的朋友在一起有时候会有点自卑,但是只要调整好心态就可以

Sample Answer:

No matter in the past or at present, it is undeniable that we need friends. A large proportion of people hold a viewpoint that when making friends, we should give priority to people who are intelligent and knowledgeable. They regard such friends as benevolent people to their life.  However, in my view, this is not a wise decision. As a matter of fact, in a world with so much pressure, people get more happiness from a humorous friend.

 

First, this changing society leads people to less satisfaction and deprivation of sense of happiness. A friend with a good sense of humor will serve as a source of relaxation and happiness. For example, when a student feels stressed out in preparation for a really important math exam, an intelligent friend may not help because the student himself is also good at mathematics. What he needs is not some guidance for mathematical problems but a good way to get relaxation. In this case, his humorous friend may offer great help by telling him a hilarious joke about some popular stars or singing a funny song to cheer him up. The same is true for people who have heavy workload to deal with every day. After a long day’s work, humor is a good vehicle for having a pleasant evening with friends. As we can see from above explanation, having a humorous friend is very important.

 

Second, intelligent friends may talk volubly with indiscreet remarks and criticisms, and even feel superior to their friends. This will mostly make their less intelligent friends uncomfortable and feel unconfident about themselves. To be specific, they may know more about physics and physiology, or understand better about what the teachers lecture in class. Although this will sometimes drive people to work harder to keep up with their intelligent friends, such superiority is often a barrier for their personal development. Take my own experience as an example. When I was a freshman in university, Microsoft Office was a compulsory course. As a person who never used computer before, I was very slow in learning how to do PPT. But my intelligent friend always finished the task within only 10 minutes and spend the rest of 35 minutes keeping telling me that what I did was wrong and told me how to do with, actually, good intentions. As a matter of fact, I did not need her instruction, or preaching, because our teacher explained clearly about the steps. This is not a rare case because most intelligent people will harm others’ feelings when they show off how intelligent they are, even though they don’t mean that.

 

But I am not saying intelligent friends are evil. They are respectable and may also bring some benefits to us. For example, we can always learn from them if we treat such friends with positive attitude. But as friends, they actually will not be glad to guide you all the time. Anyway, they don’t have the obligation to help you to be a better person. So, what you expect from an intelligent friend will most likely fall through. On the contrary, a friend with good sense of humor feels happy when you happily get along with him. In this case, both parties get satisfaction from this relationship. Besides, a person who only shows his sense of humor in appropriate situations can be regarded as intelligent.

 

To draw a conclusion, it is stupid to depreciate intelligent people for they indeed set good examples for their less diligent friends. But considering the particular nature of friendship, making friends with humorous people is definitely the better choice than with intelligent one. And when you have confusion about life or some certain problems, you’d better turn to your intelligent teachers or consult your elders.

(627 words)

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