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雅思写作突破点:同意转换实例讲解

2017年07月17日17:41 来源:小站整理
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摘要:回到雅思写作上,我们稍微想一想就可以明白写作和阅读理解是一回事。雅思A类写作即学术类(Academic)写作,要求写出来的文章是比较正式的文体,因而我们可以借鉴阅读文章中的同义替换方式。

回到雅思写作上,我们稍微想一想就可以明白写作和阅读理解是一回事。雅思A类写作即学术类(Academic)写作,要求写出来的文章是比较正式的文体,因而我们可以借鉴阅读文章中的同义替换方式。为了深刻体会写作中的同义转换的重要性和必要性,我们来看下面这篇议论文片段,体会一下无处不在的同义转换。

经典推荐考官级口语写作9分范文资料超级大汇总(史无前例数百篇)

雅思写作突破点:同意转换实例讲解图1

The purpose of our study is to consider several methodological issues relevant to study of the monetary transmission process. These issues involve relative emphasis on monetary shocks as opposed to systematic policy adjustments; vector auto regression vs.Structural modeling research strategies...

这里as opposed to等同于vs.(versus的缩写形式),为了避免重复,作者用了同义表达的技巧。

下面再来看一个典型的雅思作文片段:

The appearance of cars has caused many social problems. What is your opinion?

...I believe cars have indeed caused many problems in society and we need to reduce the use of cars.

First of all,we must consider the severe traffic caused by cars...

Another consideration is that cars generate serious pollution...

Admittedly,cars facilitate our travel and make people’s daily commute much easier than before. However, the adverse effects of cars significantly outweigh the benefits they bring.

这里的动词consider与名词词组another consideration的交换使用显得作者写作技巧成熟,也使得文章不单调重复,也只有这样的文章才能符合考官的口味,赢得高分!

下面再为大家提供几段经典的雅思作文范文节选,请仔细体会模仿。

【范文1】

Any government, whether rich or poor, cannot put every penny into education, even though it may be trying to improve overall conditions for education and to create much needed rewards for teachers. Private schools, on the other hand,help to narrow government spending on education by charging wealthy students expensive tuition fees in return for superior learning facilities and highly sought after staff. That is why governments throughout the world, whether developed or developing, encourage individuals and enterprises to establish private schools. The Chinese government has even put forward an incentive to support any interested parties, both in China and from overseas, to help promote and expand existing private education across the country.

【解析】rich和wealthy近义

【范文2】

Firstly,modern people suffer from greater tension so that they have less time to communicate with each other. More and more people are living in urban areas,where life has a quick rhythm. Due to fierce competition, city dwellers have to be hard-working in order to keep up with the pace of city life. Everybody is busy all the time and the other increasing pressures at work deprive us of a casual way of life. Moreover, living in apartments in isolated blocks, we are becoming more and more removed from each other. And more often than not, it is no longer convenient for us to meet one anther freely.

【解析】tensions表达了和pressures完全相同的意思,但是这样写不会显得单调重复;划线部分也是一种巧妙的同义改写形式:have less time to communicate with each other意思就是becoming more and more removed from each other,但是用了同义转换立即给文章增添了色彩!

【范文3】

Activities in environments that pose great danger to humans, such as locating sunken ships,cleanup of nuclear waste, prospecting for underwater mineral deposits, and active volcano exploration, are ideally suited to robots. Similarly, robots can explore distant planets. NASA’s Galileo, an unpiloted space probe, travelled to Jupiter in 1996 and performed tasks such as determining the chemical content of the atmosphere there.

【解析】名词exploration与动词explore交错使用,达到简洁却又非常有效的同义转换效果!

总之,在雅思写作中,一定要学会并能灵活运用这种百试不爽的“同义转换”技巧。想一想,在现实生活中,你愿意和一个说话总是重复一种老套模式的人交谈吗?从这个角度想,你就能明白为什么你利用“同义转换”雅思考官会给你一个好分数了。

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