- 2018年05月07日18:29 来源：小站整理
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剑桥雅思13 Test4 大作文In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. Why is this the case? What can be done about this problem?。尽管农业一直在进步，但世界上还有很多人在挨饿。为什么会这样?有何应对办法?
Agricultural advances are made primarily in rich countries. Those countries are sometimes reluctant to share their technology and knowhow with poorer countries. This is because the latter cannot pay them a reasonable amount for them.
Ordinary voters could put pressure on their elected representatives to ensure that their governments invest a minimum proportion of national wealth every year in development projects in poor countries. In fact, the United Nations recommends a minimum of 0.75% of GDP be spent by every developed nation for this purpose.
Even if there was a willingness by advanced nations to share innovations in food science with poorer countries, sometimes the infrastructure in the latter is lacking or there is insufficient political stability. For example, Zimbabwe has benefited very little from advances in agricultures over recent decades because its government has not managed the country well and has been reluctant to accept the help of outsiders.
International bodies could seek to bypass the official structures of countries with political problems that hinder the growth of sufficient food. They could do this by offering food, training and resources to people in areas of sympathetic neighbouring countries, close to the relevant national borders.
The final reason is that many people who go without food live in environmentally precarious regions of the planet, where features of their climate such as regular droughts or devastating floods make it impossible for agriculture to be carried out reliably. A case in point is Haiti, where the people are still recovering from a devastating earthquake in 2010.
The focus of international aid could be shifted more to making such countries more resilient to natural disasters. Often, inadequate infrastructure and long-term resource planning significant aggravate the damaging impacts of natural disasters. For example, money could be invested in strengthening the foundations and structures of buildings so that they can withstand earthquakes, or deeper wells could be dug to extend water supplies during dry seasons.