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雅思听力考试评分标准及考官4个听力备考技巧

2017年11月27日19:44 来源:小站整理
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摘要:本文附上最新的雅思听力考试评分标准表格及精选的雅思前考官关于雅思听力备考及答题的技巧。请记住做任何事情,都是有方法的,雅思听力更不例外,对考试的规则充分了解,有一个正确科学的备考及答题方法,再加上烤鸭的努力,出分必然理想。

相信很多雅思考生在平时做雅思听力练习过程中都面临过这样一个问题:雅思听力到底应如何算分?做完了练习却没有评分标准,无法对自己的英语水平进行一个雅思听力特训,仍然无法对自己听力的真实水平有一个很好的把握。这篇文章将会对雅思听力的评分标准进行详尽的介绍。文末附听力技巧集。

先看看雅思成绩评分标准

考试成绩包括一个总分,及听力、阅读、写作和口语四个单项分,考试成绩采用1-9分的评分制来测评,四个项目独立记分,最后所得成绩取四项成绩的平均值。总分和四个单项分均允许半分。

下面为大家详细介绍听力、阅读、写作和口语四个项目分别的评分标准。需要注意的是,雅思考试分为A类(学术类)和G类(培训类),其中听力和口语部分,A类和G类的评分标准是相同的而阅读和写作部分,A类和G类的评分标准是不同的。

听力部分共有4个section,每个section有10道题,即整个听力部分共40道题。雅思考试中心规定,每答对一题得1分。但是到目前为止,对于雅思听力具体分数换算标准,雅思考试中心一直没有明确的答案。

再看看雅思听力的评分标准

有很多烤鸭会问为什么网上有很多不同的雅思听力评分标准?到底哪个是准确的?就这个问题今天给大家解答一下。

原因一:雅思考试中心没有公布具体评分标准

目前为止,对于雅思听力和阅读题的具体评分标准,雅思考试中心一直没有明确的答案,官网的介绍也非常简单,只有几个分值对照表,缺少详细分数区间范围。5分-16个;6分-23个;7分-30个;8分-35个。

并且在官方的咨询中得知,由于每次考试难度略有差异,所以评分标准也不是固定不变的。但是浮动范围非常小,评分标准上下不差1-2个。

原因二:雅思听力考试题目数量的变化

由于雅思考试不断变革,雅思考试中阅读和听力两项由以往的40道考题左右(39-42)变为现在的40道题。造成网上有很多不同的评分版本。有一些都是过时的,所以大家应以目前的考试规则为主。

我下面所列出的雅思听力评分标准是结合雅思培训机构以及众多雅思考生回忆整理的,上面我也介绍过,目前雅思听力评分标准没有绝对的,只是一个范围。希望给大家起到一个参考作用。

雅思听力考试A类与G类是一样的,所以雅思听力考试评分标准也是相同的:

雅思听力考试评分标准及考官4个听力备考技巧图1

考官关于听力技巧的几个建议:

1.listen again and again  多种姿势听

Perhaps the hardest thing about the IELTS listening test is that you only hear the recordings once. If you miss something, there's no second chance.

However, when practising or when listening to anything in English at home, I recommend that you listen to the same thing several times. Every time you listen again, you'll probably hear something new, and your listening skills will improve more quickly than they would if you only listened to everything once.

Here's a good listening exercise:

- Listen to the same short recording several times.

- But each time you listen, focus on something different.

For example, first focus on the meaning or the overall message, then listen for the answers (if you're using an IELTS test), then listen to verb tenses, then listen to the speaker's pronunciation, then listen to the little words like articles and prepositions etc. etc.

Your "ear" will improve more quickly through repetition and through the kind of deep listening that the exercise above encourages. Try it yourself!

2.just practise!多听是提升的唯一路径

In my reading lessons I tend to give lots of advice about exam technique, and yesterday I wrote about diagnosing problems.

By contrast, my main advice for the listening test is simple: just practise more!

If you find listening section 4 difficult, for example, it's probably because the speaker gives a lot of information quite quickly, and your brain isn't quick enough (yet) to keep up with what you hear. There's no technique that will help this "ear to brain" relationship. It's just a matter of practice and exposure to the language.

3. one-minute transcriptions 1分钟听写练习

A good way to improve your listening skill is to transcribe short recordings. For example, I'm sure you could manage to transcribe one minute of English every day.

Here's what you could do:

Take any recording of English speakers that you find on the Internet, or use an IELTS test. I recommend using news programmes, documentaries, or any part of an IELTS test (section 4 might be the best for this exercise).

Listen to the first minute of the recording only. Listen to it once without writing anything.

Listen to the first minute again, and try to transcribe (write down) everything that you hear. Listen as many times as you need to, until you have the full transcription on paper.

Check your transcription by turning on the subtitles option on the video (most video websites now have this), or by checking at the back of the book, if you're using an IELTS test.

4.Get into the habit of moving on 学会放弃

If you missed something, forget about it and move on. Always prepare for the next question rather than worrying about a previous question. When you are given 30 seconds to check your answers, use the time to look at the next section instead.

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