- 2018年05月09日10:52 来源：小站教育
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2018年5月5日的雅思考试已经结束，小站雅思君第一时间为大家带来本场雅思写作真题范文，本场雅思写作真题为社会类话题，题目为：Some people think traffic and housing problems in large cities can be solved by moving companies and factories and their employees to the countryside. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement.大城市的拥堵问题能否依靠搬迁工厂解决呢?这个话题是个老题了，相信复习过的考鸭，在考场上会更加得心应手。
The line chart illustrates how the average heights of people had varied in four developed countries over two centuries from 1775 to 1975. Generally, the heights underwent an overall upward trend across all the countries.
Initially, Americans ranked the top, with an average height of approximately 168 cm which was immediately followed by British (166cm) while people from Denmark and France were slightly higher than 160 cm.
Over the following seven and a half decades, in spite of some minor ups and downs, the average heights had almost remained unchanged in all the countries except France where people’s height kept rising in the latter half of the period. This exceeded that of the Danish in around 1850.
After that, the trend in the USA and the UK showed great similarity though at a slightly different rate. They saw an ongoing rise until 1975, when the height equaled to approximately 180 cm. The Danish grew considerably and became the tallest at almost 190 cm, standing in remarkable contrast with French who were merely 173 cm.
In short, while Americans and the British were equally high in the end, the gap between Danes and Frenchmen had widened.范文原创自小站老师Alice.Hua，字数 197 words
paragraph 1 : 结合背景引入话题且表明这种做法短期可行，但不是长久之策。
paragraph 2: 论述为何搬迁公司工厂和员工到农村有助于解决住房和交通问题。
paragraph 3: 论述为何搬迁公司工厂和员工到农村不是根本的解决办法。
Paragraph 4: 总结文章主要观点。
The unprecedented mass migration to cities has caused a boom in urban population, leading to problems such as housing shortage and traffic congestion. To improve the situation, it is argued that corporations and factory lines, as well as their workers, should be relocated to the hinterland. Personally, while I agree that relocation may be effective on a temporary basis, I believe that it cannot make fundamental changes to the problems.
On the one hand, encouraging the transfer of enterprises and factories to the less densely populated rural areas helps mitigate traffic jams and a lack of housing in metropolis. To begin with, traffic congestion during peak commute hours can be less serious, as a result of the reduced population in central regions. Many people choose to live in cities because workplaces are concentrated there and they have higher chance of getting better jobs. If the factory lines and businesses are relocated, job-seekers might also spread out. Consequently, the number of vehicles in rush hours is reduced and the capacity of public roads increased. Besides, the vacant land can be reused for housing construction, especially public housing and low-rent houses, so that more places of residence are readily available to accommodate the poor and homeless people.
However, depopulation is not the ultimate solution to overcrowding in urban areas; new problems may arise. Firstly, the need for public-sector dwellings is not eliminated. With the number of migrants to cities constantly increasing, the vacated places are quickly inhabited by newcomers, so that the government has to develop more land to build houses. Moreover, evicting people does not cut the demand for quality resources such as education, medical care, and infrastructure, which are clustered in city centres. If rural areas are incapable of satisfying those needs, some people may still choose to travel back to their urban homes, thereby creating more traffic flow on the limited road space. Furthermore, simply shifting buildings to regional areas does not weaken vehicle dependency, as long as accessible public transit and industry cluster are not developed. Since companies are further from their clients, providers and other contractors, greater traffic volumes are still likely to be induced by transporting raw materials, delivering goods and services, and travelling on business.
In conclusion, it seems that moving buildings and residents to the countryside is not an ideal solution to limited housing and traffic space in major cities. Metropolitan authorities need to come up with other more effective alternatives.字数 407words