网站导航     在线客服  
雅思模考软件免费下载
学生选择在小站备考:30天 444323名,今日申请8030人    备考咨询 >>

2018雅思阅读模拟练习passage 2:Life lessons

2018年06月06日18:35 来源:小站整理
参与(4) 阅读(2312)

雅思备考资料免费领取

免费领取
摘要:临近考试,身边的题目都已经刷完怎么办,不如来小站雅思刷几天阅读模拟题解解心头之痒?是的本期为大家带来2018雅思阅读模拟练习passage 2:Life lessons from villains, crooks and gangsters。

为尽量还原雅思阅读考试的真实考试场景,建议考生将下面的阅读题目打印后计时练习。雅思阅读速度如何提高,无他,提高做题速度一方面要有丰富的词汇量储备,一方面要有一定的考试技巧做支撑,当然,最重要的还是实践出真知,多刷题,多总结多反思。小站雅思君觉得雅思阅读分数并不是靠刷题刷出来的,光练不反思的效果并不好。先奉上本期雅思阅读模拟练习题:Life lessons from villains, crooks and gangsters,题目难度中等,建议阅读时间10分钟。

2018雅思阅读模拟练习passage 2:Life lessons图1

READING PASSAGE 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14–26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.

Life lessons from villains, crooks and gangsters

(A) A notorious Mexican drug baron’s audacious escape from prison in July doesn’t, at first, appear to have much to teach corporate boards. But some in the business world suggest otherwise. Beyond the morally reprehensible side of criminals' work, some business gurus say organised crime syndicates, computer hackers, pirates and others operating outside the law could teach legitimate corporations a thing or two about how to hustle and respond to rapid change.

(B) Far from encouraging illegality, these gurus argue that – in the same way big corporations sometimes emulate start-ups – business leaders could learn from the underworld about flexibility, innovation and the ability to pivot quickly. “There is a nimbleness to criminal organisations that legacy corporations [with large, complex layers of management] don’t have,” said Marc Goodman, head of the Future Crimes Institute and global cyber-crime advisor. While traditional businesses focus on rules they have to follow, criminals look to circumvent them. “For criminals, the sky is the limit and that creates the opportunity to think much, much bigger.”

(C) Joaquin Guzman, the head of the Mexican Sinaloa drug cartel, for instance, slipped out of his prison cell through a tiny hole in his shower that led to a mile-long tunnel fitted with lights and ventilation. Making a break for it required creative thinking, long-term planning and perseverance – essential skills similar to those needed to achieve success in big business.

(D) While Devin Liddell, who heads brand strategy for Seattle-based design consultancy, Teague, condemns the violence and other illegal activities he became curious as to how criminal groups endure. Some cartels stay in business despite multiple efforts by law enforcement on both sides of the US border and millions of dollars from international agencies to shut them down. Liddell genuinely believes there’s a lesson in longevity here. One strategy he underlined was how the bad guys respond to change. In order to bypass the border between Mexico and the US, for example, the Sinaloa cartel went to great lengths. It built a vast underground tunnel, hired family members as border agents and even used a catapult to circumvent a high-tech fence.

(E) By contrast, many legitimate businesses fail because they hesitate to adapt quickly to changing market winds. One high-profile example is movie and game rental company Blockbuster, which didn’t keep up with the market and lost business to mail order video rentals and streaming technologies. The brand has all but faded from view. Liddell argues the difference between the two groups is that criminal organisations often have improvisation encoded into their daily behaviour, while larger companies think of innovation as a set process. “This is a leadership challenge,” said Liddell. “How well companies innovate and organise is a reflection of leadership.”

Left-field thinking

(F) Cash-strapped start-ups also use unorthodox strategies to problem solve and build their businesses up from scratch. This creativity and innovation is often borne out of necessity, such as tight budgets. Both criminals and start-up founders “question authority, act outside the system and see new and clever ways of doing things,” said Goodman. “Either they become Elon Musk or El Chapo.” And, some entrepreneurs aren’t even afraid to operate in legal grey areas in their effort to disrupt the marketplace. The co-founders of music streaming service Napster, for example, knowingly broke music copyright rules with their first online file sharing service, but their technology paved the way for legal innovation as regulators caught up.

(G) Goodman and others believe thinking hard about problem solving before worrying about restrictions could prevent established companies falling victim to rivals less constrained by tradition. In their book The Misfit Economy, Alexa Clay and Kyra Maya Phillips examine how individuals can apply that mindset to become more innovative and entrepreneurial within corporate structures. They studied not just violent criminals like Somali pirates, but others who break the rules in order to find creative solutions to their business problems, such as people living in the slums of Mumbai or computer hackers. They picked out five common traits among this group: the ability to hustle, pivot, provoke, hack and copycat.

(H) Clay gives a Saudi entrepreneur named Walid Abdul-Wahab as a prime example. Abdul-Wahab worked with Amish farmers to bring camel milk to American consumers even before US regulators approved it. Through perseverance, he eventually found a network of Amish camel milk farmers and started selling the product via social media. Now his company, Desert Farms, sells to giant mainstream retailers like Whole Foods Market. Those on the fringe don’t always have the option of traditional, corporate jobs and that forces them to think more creatively about how to make a living, Clay said. They must develop grit and resilience in order to last outside the cushy confines of cubicle life. “In many cases scarcity is the mother of invention,” Clay said.

Questions 14-21

Reading Passage 2 has eight paragraphs A-H. Match the headings below with the paragraphs. Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 14-21 on your answer sheet.

14. Jailbreak with creative thinking

15. Five common traits among rule-breakers

16. Comparison between criminals and traditional businessmen

17. Can drug baron's espace teach legitimate corporations?

18. Great entrepreneur

19. How criminal groups deceive the law

20. The difference between legal and illegal organisations

21. Similarity between criminals and start-up founders

Questions 22–25

Complete the sentences below.

Write ONLY ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 22–25 on your answer sheet.

22. To escape from a prison, Joaquin Guzman had to use such traits as creative thinking, long-term planning and _______.

23. The Sinaloa cartel built a grand underground tunnel and even used a _______ to avoid the fence.

24. The main difference between two groups is that criminals, unlike large corporations, often have _______ encoded into their daily life.

25. Due to being persuasive, Walid Abdul-Wahab found a _______ of Amish camel milk farmers.

Question 26

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

26. The main goal of this article is to:

A Show different ways of illegal activity

B Give an overview of various criminals and their gangs

C Draw a comparison between legal and illegal business, providing examples

D Justify criminals with creative thinking

翻页查看答案

特别申明:本文内容来源网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请立即与我们联系contactus#zhan.com,我们将及时处理。

相关文章

【小站出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析-The Lost Cit... 【小站独家】最新雅思阅读全真模拟试题汇总 【小站出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析-Bondi Beach 【小站出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析-滑石粉 【小站出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析-南极气候 【小站出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析-纸张和电脑 2018雅思阅读评分标准一览及8大阅读题型介绍 雅思课外读物--The Use of Force(英汉对照...

专题推荐

未输入验证码
未输入验证码
未输入验证码
获取验证码
免费领取
小站教育雅思官方群

群号:664063828

「扫二维码 加入群聊」
加入
雅思关键词